IMPORTANT MIGRATORY BIRDS IN COSTA RICA
Shorebirds +70 species / Ducks +10 species / Raptors +19 species / Warblers +40 species
More than five billion birds migrate through Costa Rica every year. The biggest portion of those birds are coming from Alaska, the Canada Tundra, Arctic Circle, Great Lakes and other locations of North America to escape the Winter in Central and South America. Migratory birds including raptors, shorebirds, tanagers, warblers, orioles, sandpipers, hummingbirds use their amazing vision to orient themselves by following groups of stars in the horizon, others follow the sound of the surf along the coast, feel the magnetic field of the planet or geographical landmarks.
From the 920 bird species of Costa Rica more than 250 are migratory and this is the country with the highest density of species of birds in the World, where you can see more than 100 species of birds in a single day visiting the key areas and hotspots.
More than 250 species of migratory birds cross Costa Rica or make use of stopover sites for resting, feeding or overwintering.
5 million of raptors (19 different species), “2nd highest abundance of migratory raptors in the word” (BirdLife), including the biggest migration of peregrine falcons in the planet.
Migratory raptors found Costa Rica:
Turkey Vulture, Osprey, Harris´s Hawk, Northern Harrier, Hook-billed Kite, Swallow-tailed Kite, Mississippi Kite, Plumbeous Kite, Sharp-shinned Hawk, Cooper´s Hawk, White Hawk, Short-tailed Hawk, Broad-winged Hawk, Zone-tailed Hawk, Swainson´s Hawk, Red-tailed Hawk, America Kestrel, Merlin, Peregrine falcon.
Fall Migration: From August to December.
Spring Migration: From Febrary to May.
BIRDS MIGRATION HOTSPOTS
Source: Sergio Arias, David Araya & Jorge Zuñiga